نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشآموخته دکتری فرهنگ و زبانهای باستانی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the Avesta, two worlds can be distinguished, material and spiritual. The spiritual world includes sacred beings, Ahuramazda, Amshaspands and Yazatas. Ahuramazda is at the top and obviously more powerful than the others. Just after Ahuramazda, Spǝnta mainiiu appears very close to Ahuramazda. Angra mainiiu is also related but opposite to Spǝnta mainiiu. On the other hand, the material world also includes characters that Zoroaster is at the head. Zoroaster is the highest material personality. Jam and Aži Dahāka are the well-known Avestan figures among the material world. It seems that a heavenly pattern can be seen in Zoroaster's character which has made based on Ahuramazda's character And the same issue can be seen in the case of Spǝnta mainiiu and Angra mainiiu with Jam and Aži Dahāka. The purpose of this article is to study these characters and find their similarities to prove the existence of a spiritual pattern in their material characters. For this purpose, first, the characteristics of Ahuramazda, Zoroaster, Spǝnta mainiiu and Angra mainiiu, Jam and Aži Dahāka are examined , then their similarities are extracted. In the end, we will see that these material characters follow a heavenly and spiritual pattern in the Avesta. Descriptive-analytical method has been used for analysis and conclusion in this research. This research is based on Avestan evidence but help has also been taken from the Shahnameh in the case of Jam and Aji Dahāka.