عنوان مقاله [English]
Independence of the political system of the society in Sassanian era enforced it to re-regulate its relation with other social systems and gave it this opportunity to dominate them. In so doing, Sasanian kings tried to establish their sovereignty as the highest point of imputation, especially by organizing Zarathustrian religion. The emergence of this element of sovereignty has persuaded some scholars that this kingship is an example of absolute sovereignty, whose most important legal consequence is the supremacy of political power over Law. This research tries to answer again to the question of the relation between Sovereignty and law through analysis of different aspects of the concept of “sovereignty”. The research illuminates how dualistic political theology of this religion, in which God`s power cannot go beyond of the “impossible” and “evilness”, restricted kings. Furthermore, some theological concepts such as “Khvarenah”, “Asha”, “Ideal kingship” and “Dad” established a kind of natural law which slowly tied to set of jurisprudential and legal norms. As a result, the establishment of the concept of sovereignty as an inclusive authority became impossible. Furthermore, this research will explain how contradiction between subordination of kings to law and their claim of sovereignty as the highest point of imputation, which demands their infallibility, led to the distinction of their natural personality from the legal personality of kingship which was embodied in Crown.