نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری زبانشناسی تاریخی تطبیقی هندواروپایی، دانشگاه لیدن، لیدن، هلند .
2 کارشناس ارشد زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Pahlavi language is the ancestor of New Persian and the language itself is descended from Old Persian. The language has been the official language of the two Iranian dynasties for hundreds of years and even a millennium. Pahlavi has a very difficult script since each character has various values. Zoroastrian middle Persian has ten vowels: i، ī، (e)، ē، a، ā، (o)، ō، u، and it is not obvious whether “e” and “o” were phonemes.
The character “’” has some values as vowels and consonants and in this paper, the vowel value is studied. It can be rendered short “a” and long “a” in the initial, medial and final positions. We will show that it does not always render long “a” however sometimes it points to mater lectiones and must be rendered as short “a”.
In the initial position with a low frequency it is long “a” and in the medial position with a high frequency is long “a”. In the final position it is always rendered as long “a”. we have tried to investigate all the words having the above-mentioned featured however surely some have been ignored. First off the proper nouns have been studied and then it was done for all the words following the same pattern. One thing which was comparable to New Persian was the words having two spellings.